Wednesday, 17 August 2022

1st South Carolina Infantry Regiment

This unit is the 1st South Carolina Regiment, the second of the two South Carolina regiments I am doing for this AWI collection.

Organised in the summer of 1775 at Charleston to consist of ten companies from eastern South Carolina it was adopted into the Continenal Army in November. It served the majority of the war in the Southern Department (that part of the colonies south of the Virginia/Maryland border). It fought at Charleston in 1775 and 1776, in Florida in 1778 and at Savannah and Charleston in 1780. In addition to that one company served in the Caribbean in 1778.


The regiment was consolidated with the 5th South Carolina Regiment in early 1780, but retained the 1st South Carolina title. It surrendered with the rest of the southern army at Charleston in May 1780 by the British Army. Reformed in December 1782 it was disbanded in November 1783.  




I am really enjoying working on these figures. I particularly like the variety the casual poses provide where some figures don’t have a bayonets fixed, or some are marching with muskets over the right shoulder instead of the left and some, not in this unit, have their muskets inverted.

Saturday, 13 August 2022

2nd Hanoverian Infantry Regiment, No 77

When the Kingdom of Hanover was annexed by Prussia at the end of the Austro-Prussian War, its army was absorbed into the Prussian Army, forming four new regiments:

  • 73rd,  Hanoverian Fusilier Regiment
  • 74th, 1st Hanoverian Infantry Regiment
  • 77th,  2nd Hanoverian Infantry Regiment
  • 79th, 3rd Hanoverian Infantry Regiment

This week’s unit represents First Battalion, 2nd Hanoverian Infantry Regiment that served in VII  Corps in 1870. In its first action in that war, at Spicheren on 6 August, the regiment was heavily engaged on the right of the battle line in the Stiring Copse and the Fusilier battalion (supported by a company of the 2nd Battalion) stormed the homesteads at the foot of the Spicheren Heights. In these hard fought actions  the regiment suffered losses of 628 (131 killed, 438 wounded and 59 missing), around 20% of their effective strength. The regiment was lightly engaged in the actions of Borny and Gravelotte that followed.

The attack of the Fusilier Battalion, 77th Regiment against the Baraque Mouton and the Golden Bremm at Spicheren, 6 August 1870




I have also based up the Russian generals presented a few days ago.






Wednesday, 10 August 2022

Russian Generals

Over the weekend I finished a group of nine mounted generals and ADCs for the Russian Napoleonic army. These are the three new packs released by the Perrys in recent months. I will use these to represent the senior command. I haven’t really sorted out how they will be grouped, so they are not a yet based, but here they are in some possible grouping combinations.

Bagration
Uvarov
ADC

Possible group 1

Barclay de Tolly
Poor old Barclay arrived with a terrible casting flaw where the casting had split and it looked as though someone had taken a meat cleaver to his head and split him ear to ear (I think the casting had been removed from the mould when the metal was too hot). Rather than wait a month or more for a replacement figure to arrive I chose to repair him with some green stuff. I think the surgery was a success.
 
Wittgenstein
ADC

Possible group 2


Tuchkov
Shuvalov
ADC
Possible Group 3

Since there will be used in a game coming up in a couple of weeks time, I will need to get the basing soon…probably over the coming weekend.









Sunday, 7 August 2022

1st Westpahalian Hussar Regiment, No. 8

This week’s Franco-Prussian War unit is the 1st Westpahalian Hussar Regiment, No. 8. Formed in early 1815 from a squadron each of the 2nd, 3rd and 6th Hussars it served in the 100 Days campaign as the 8th Hussars. The following year the Regiment was brought up to strength with the addition of the 4th and 5th squadrons and was renamed 8th Hussar Regiment (1st Westphalian). It participated in the first Schleswig-Holstein War in 1849 and was renamed again in 1861 to 1st Westpahalian Hussar Regiment, No 8.


It fought again in Denmark in 1864 and in Army of the Maine in the western theatre of the Austro-Prussian War of 1866. In 1870 it was assigned to 13th Division, VII Corps, First Army.


In 1888 it was renamed again as Grand Duke Nicholas of Russia (1st Westphalian No 8) and on the accession of Nicholas to the throne in 1897 to Emperor Nicholas II of Russia (1st Westphalian No 8). Mobilised in 1914 it started the Great War on the Western Front, before transferring East in November of that year. In 1916 the regiment was dismounted and in May 1917 with the removal of the Tsar the regiment changed its name again, back to 1st Westphalian Hussar Regiment, No. 8. In 1918 the regiment returned to the Western Front where they were merged with other dismounted cavalry regiments to form the 14th Cavalry Rifle Division. It took a major part on the defensive battles until the end of the war. It was demobilised in 1919.

To round out the week we played an American War of Independence game today.  I had intended to get my AWI French on the table, but managed to leave the tray at home. At least my Brutish and Hessians made it to the table. I only managed to take a few photos of what was a rather short, but enjoyable game.







  



Wednesday, 3 August 2022

7th Jäger Battalion

This week’s offering from the 1870 Prussians is the Westpahalian Jäger Battalion No. 7. Formed in 1815 from many of the disbanded volunteer jäger units and elements of the Bergischer Jägers as well as some Schaumburg-Lippe, Saxon and Nassau infantry, the battalion entered service as the Rhenish Jäger battalion, with a permanent garrison in Wetzlar from 1818.


It fought in the First Schlegwig-Holstein War and in 1860 was renamed the Westphanian Battalion Number 7. It saw action in the Danish War of 1864, fighting at Missunde and Düppel. Two years later it formed a part of the Elbe Army and fought at Münchengrätz and Königgrätz.  It was attached to the VII Corps in the restructure of 1867 and fought with that corps in 1870, with battle honours for Spicheren, Borny and Gravelotte.



It was mobilised in 1914 as apart of the 26th Infantry Brigade and spent the entire war on the Western Front. It was disbanded in December 1918.

In the organisation of 1870 each North German Corps was assigned one jäger battalion. The battalion number always matched the corps to which they were attached and generally recruited in the same region. The South German firmations had a different organisation with a higher ratio of jägers to line troops, with one battalion attached to each brigade (sometime two battalions in some Bavarian brigades).

The jägers were trained in the tradition of light infantry where small groups of skilled riflemen lurked in concealing terrain harassing line troops, picking off officers and NCOs. However, in many ways the title jäger, much like those of grenadiers and fusiliers, was becoming obsolete by 1870 where they fought, in the opening battles certainly, pretty much as any line infantry unit - in company lines. At Spicheren the 3rd Jägers clambered up a ravine on the western face of the Rotherberg along with several other line infantry battalions and attempted to storm the crest, only to be pinned down in battalion line by French fire. At that same battle the 7th Jägers, again in battalion line, turned the extreme left of the French line and compelled them to abandon their position. On the same day at Froeschwiller the 11th Jägers had just formed in line after crossing the Sauerbach when they were attacked in the flank by the 3rd Tirailleurs Algériens and driven back across the stream in disorder. They reformed and later stormed the Lansberg Farm only to be later thrown out of there when attacked by the 3rd Zouaves. The attack of the Lauenburg jäger battalion number 9 at Gravelotte in close order battalion line, officers leading the advance, was captured by Ernst Zimmer in this painting. 


While I am happy with the overall result of this unit, I struggled with these figures because as nice as the poses are they seemed rushed in design: the detail is indistinct, the faces are bland and there were a number of casting flaws. 

Saturday, 30 July 2022

Färdiga!

According the Google translate “färdiga” means “finished”, and finished this Swedo-Finnish army is…well apart from the generals, so maybe it should be “nästan färdig” (again consulting the gospel according to  Google this means “almost finished”  - apologies to any Swedish speakers if this has an incorrect or offensive meaning). As I type this I thought I could have been really smart and said “Finnished!” I always seem to think of the smart comments after the fact.

The final unit in the Swedish Napoleonic collection is the Tavastehus Infantry Regiment. Recruited from Tavastehus County (Hämeenlinna in Finnish), an inland region immediately north of  modern day Helsinki, it could trace its ancestry back to 1626. The regiment participated in the Thirty Years' War in Pomerania, and in Charles X Gustav's Polish War in 1655. In the Great Northern War it first garrisoned Riga then Viborg, surrendering to the Russians when that fortress fell in 1710. 

The regimental colours

Reformed, the regiment operated in the southeastern section of Finland and was later involved in the Norwegian Campaign of 1718. In 1741 it was engaged with Russia in the Hats War (that although it would make an interesting background for a campaign was not fought over hats, but was named after the Swedish Hats political party who sought to recover land lost in the Great Northern War) and fought at the Battle of Lappeenranta. It fought the Russians again in Gustav III's Russian War in 1788–1790. 

In 1792 the regiment was expanded, incorporating the Uusimaa and Hämeenlinna dragoon regiments. It was heavily involved in the Finnish War of 1807-09, fighting in most of the early battles, but surrendered along with most of the Finnish Army at Kalix in March 1809. At the conclusion of the war the regiment was disbanded.

Above are the two battalions: the first on the left, the second on the right.




A full army parade will follow when time permits.