I am doing four Virginia regiments for my AWI Americans and these are the last two, the 1st and 3rd Regiments.
Both regiments had a relatively similarly service life. The 1st was authorised in August 1775 as Virginia State troops and was formed of eight companies in October 1775 at Williamsburg. The Third was organised in February 1776 at Alexandria and Dumfries in ten companies raised from Prince William, Fauquier, Stafford, Louisa, Fairfax, King George, Loudoun, and Culpeper Counties. Both were assigned initially to the Southern Department and transferred to the Main Army in mid-1776.
|The 1st Regiment
In 1777, after the rigours of campaign, both regiments were consolidated - the 1st with the 9th Regiment and the 3rd with the 5th, but kept their original titles. The 1st was transferred back to the Southern Department in December 1778 and the 3rd followed it in 1779.
|The 3rd Regiment
Both regiments fought at Chesapeake Bay, the battles around New York, then though Northern New Jersey, Trenton, Princeton, Monmouth, Brandywine, Germantown and the defence of Philadelphia. Both surrendered at Charleston in May 1780 and were formally disbanded in 1783.
And so my whole Virginia contingent takes to the parade ground.